The word gold is attributed to any material that has the same color as the element. During the time of ancient Germanic tribes, the word red was used to describe golden colors. Today, however, people still use the word red in relation to the color gold, but only as an archaic reference.
The Latin language has a different term for gold, aurum and since the Latin language is the mother of all romantic languages, Spanish and Italian languages have also adapted the word aurum. Oro, which means gold in Spanish and Italian, is believed to have originated from its Latin term.
The word aurum actually came from aurora, which means dawn. In ancient times, the colour of gold was used to refer to the colour of the break of dawn, when the sun’s rays first hit the horizon. In ancient times, people associated the color gold with the golden glow that creeps across the land during dawn. Gold and the sun’s rays had the same distinct luster and color, which is why the term for the metal eventually became aurum.
Other cultures also have different terms for gold. In the Indo-European tribes during ancient times, tribesmen used the word gold to refer to yellow. In fact, the word ghel, which was used by the Indo-Europeans, evolved into the English word yellow.
Indo-Europeans term for gold, ghltom, evolved into zoloto, which the Russians now use to refer to gold.
Moreover, gold is translated as hiranya in Sanskrit, and goud in Dutch. In Danish and Swedish, the word guld is used to refer to the color gold. The word golden is an offshoot of the word gilden, a derivative of the word gold from Middle English.
The evolution of gold in language is an interesting story in itself. Although different cultures have a different term for the word gold, all of these cultures use their own term for gold to depict the color gold and, figuratively, to depict beauty, wealth and power.